The genetically modified tomato ripens faster and requires less space than traditional vine tomatoes
Spotted: Researchers at US-based Cold Spring Habor Laboratory have developed a type of tomato that ripens more quickly than traditional vine-grown varieties. The new tomato plant has shortened stems so it grows faster and requires less space, a plus for urban farming.
The newly modified tomato is possible because the team discovered a gene, SIER, which controls the length of the stem.
The shorter stem is an important breakthrough because it allowed the team to speed up the growing process without sacrificing taste. It also means the tomato plant requires less space, an important criterion for urban farming and farming in space, the team said.
The new tomato also includes modified SELF PRUNING (SP) and SP5G genes. The tweaked genes allow the plant to flower and bear fruit sooner. The new tomato plants grow in a bunch, like roses, instead of on vines. They mature in under 40 days.
The research was funded in part by Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the Rural Development Administration, the National Research Foundation of Korea, the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, and the National Science Foundation.